식초에 관한 샤리아 법

관리자님 | 2017.07.18 12:02 | 조회 82
와인으로 식초를 만들 수있는 세 가지 방법
  1. 와인이 사람의 터치없이 식초로 자동 전환되는 경우
  2. 와인이 사람의 터치에 의해 식초로 바뀌지만 와인에는 아무 것도 추가하지 않은경우
  3. 사람의 터치를 통해 식초로 바꾸기 위해 와인에 무언가가 추가된 경우

각 방법의 Shari'ah 볍은 다음과 같다 :

  1. 첫 번째 방법을 통해 생산 된 식초 는 모든 생각 학교의 모든 법학자들의 만장일치로 Halaal 이다.
  2. 두 번째 방법으로 생산되는 식초 는 모든 법학자들의 만장일치로 Halaal 이다. 그러나, Hambali 학교에는 그것이 허용되지 않는다고 주장한다.
  3. 세 번째 방법으로 생산 된 식초 는 Hanafi와 Maaliki 사상 학교의 법학에 따라 Halaal 입니다. 그러나 Shaafi'i와 Hambali 사상 학교에 따르면 Halaal 이 아니다..
각 방법에 관한 판결에 관한 상세한 논의

첫 번째 방법 : 와인이 사람의 터치없이 식초로 자동 전환되는 경우

포도주가 식초로 변하기를 원하는 사람없이 식초로 변할 때, 그리고 변화를 촉진하기 위해 포도주에 아무것도하지 않는 사람이 없다면, 그러한 식초는 모든 학파의 모든 법학자들에 따라 Halaal 이 된다.

두 번째 방법 : 와인이 사람의 터치에 의해 식초로 바뀌지만 와인에는 아무 것도 추가하지 않은경우

이 방법과 관련하여 2 가지 관점이 있습니다. 첫 번째 관점 (허용)은 법관 대다수에 의해 유지되는 반면 두 번째 관점 (허용되지 않음)은 일부 Hambali 법학자의 관점이다.

법학자 대다수의 시각 - Hanafi, Maaliki 및 Shaafi'i :

포도주가 그늘에서 옮겨지고 직사광선에 들어갔을 때 또는 그 반대의 경우; 그리고 그러한 와인은 식초로 변한다. Halaal 이 될 것이고 Hanafi, Maaliki 및 Shaafi'i 학파의 법학자들에 따르면 포도주가 식초로 바뀔 것이라는 명백한 의도와 함께 와인이 옮겨 졌음에도 불구하고 허용 된다.  그러나 Hanafi  학파가 선호하는 견해에 따르면, 포도주가 햇빛과 직접적으로 접촉 할 수 있다면 와인을 그 자리에서 옮기지 않고 옮길 수는 없다.

증거 :

대다수의 법학자들은 식초가 무조건 Halaal 이라고 선언되어 축복의 원천이되는 논쟁의 주요 논증을 제시한다.

하나는 세 번째 방법에 동의하지 않으면 두 번째 방법에 동의 할 수있는 반면, 두 번째 방법은 사람의 행동과 의도가 두 가지 모두에서 중요한 역할을하기 때문에이 방법에서 Shaafi'i 학자의 견해에 반대 할 수  있다. Shaafi'i 학자들은 이렇게 대답했다.

두 번째 방법에서는, 중독의 속성 와인에 발견 된 두하고 렌더링하는 Haraam 및 najis를 액체에 아무것도 추가하지 않고 제거 하였다. 결과적으로 컨테이너와 그 모든 내용물은 순수하고 할랄 (Halaal)인 셈이다. 나중에 내용을 추가 할 때도 마찬가이다.


세 번째 방법 : 사람의 터치를 통해 식초로 바꾸기 위해 와인에 무언가가 추가된 경우

이것은 타클 렐라 아라비아 ( takhleel Arabic )라고 불리며 , 식초로 바꾸기 위해 와인에 무언가를 추가 할 때. 여기에는 인간의 행동과 의도도 포함된다. 이 방법에 관한 한, Shaafi'i와 Hambali 법학자들은 하나의 견해를 가지고있는 반면 Hanafi와 Maaliki 법학자들은 반대 견해를 갖고있다. 두 견해는 관련 논쟁과 증거와 함께 아래에 언급되어 있다...(중략)


출처: 할랄 포커스


[원문보기]

The Various Methods of Making Vinegar from Wine and Their Rulings

There are three methods by means of which one can make vinegar from wine:

  1. Wine automatically turns in to vinegar without any action or intent from man.
  2. Wine turns into vinegar only through the action and intent of man, but without adding anything to the wine.
  3. Through the action and intent of man, something is added to the wine to make it turn into vinegar.

The Shari’ah ruling of each method is as follows:

  1. The vinegar which is produced through the first method is Halaal according to the unanimous opinion of all the jurists of all the schools of thought.
  2. The vinegar which is produced through the second method is Halaal according to the unanimous opinion of all the jurists. However, there is a view in the Hambali school of thought which states that it is not permissible.
  3. The vinegar produced by means of the third method is Halaal according to the jurisprudence of the Hanafi and Maaliki schools of thought. However, according to the Shaafi’i and Hambali schools of thought, it is NOT considered Halaal.
A Detailed Discussion on the Rulings Regarding Each Method

First Method: Wine automatically turns in to vinegar without any action or intent from man.

When the wine turns into vinegar on its own without anyone intending for it to turn into vinegar and without anyone doing anything to the wine to facilitate the transformation, such vinegar will be Halaalaccording to all the jurists of all the schools of thought. This process is called “ ???????? “ in Arabic. (3)

Second Method: Wine turns into vinegar only through the action and intent of man, but without adding anything to the wine.

There are 2 views with regards to this method. The first view (permissibility) is held by the majority of the jurists, while the second view (impermissibility) is that of (some) Hambali Jurists.

The View of the Majority of the Jurists – Hanafi, Maaliki and Shaafi’i:

When wine is moved from shade and placed in direct sunlight, or vice versa; and such wine turns in to vinegar, it will be Halaal and permissible according to the jurists of the Hanafi, Maaliki and Shaafi’i schools of thought, despite the fact that the wine was moved with the express intention of turning it into vinegar. However, according to the preferred view of the Hanafi school of thought, if the wine can come into direct contact with sunlight without being moved from its place, it will not be permissible to move it in order to make it vinegar.

Proofs:

The majority of the jurists present those narrations in which vinegar has unconditionally been declared Halaal and a source of blessings as their main argument and proof.

One may object to the view of the Shaafi’i scholars in this method because, if they do not agree with the third method, how can they agree with the second method whereas man’s action and intent play a major role in both. The Shaafi’i scholars answer thus:

In the second method, the property of intoxication which was found in the wine and which rendered it both Haraam and najis, was removed without adding anything to the liquid. As a result, both the container and all its contents became pure and Halaal at once. The same does not occur when one adds something to the contents (as will be explained later).

The View of the Hambali Jurists:

As far as this second method is concerned, the Hambali jurists opine that; if the wine was moved from one place to another due to which it turned into vinegar, whereas there was no intention of turning the wine into vinegar I the first place – it was transferred by-the-way and the change occurred spontaneously – this vinegar will be pure and Halaal. The reason for this is that it changed naturally and automatically without the action or intention of man. However, if the wine was transferred from one place to another with the express intention of turning it into vinegar, two divergent rulings could be applied.

Firstly, it could be regarded as pure and Halaal because the only difference between the two is the intention behind it and intention does not lead to hurmat in the physical properties of anything. Conversely, it could be regarded as both Haraam and impure because, even if there was no intention behind it, the action of man brought about the change from wine to vinegar. This is the same as adding something to the liquid in order to change it. (4)

Third Method: Through the action and intent of man, something is added to the wine to make it turn into vinegar.

This is called takhleel Arabic – when one adds something to the wine in order to change it into vinegar. This includes the action and intention of man, as well. As far as this method is concerned, the Shaafi’i and Hambali jurists hold one view while the Hanafi and Maaliki jurists hold the opposite view. Both views have been mentioned below, together with the relevant arguments and proofs.


twitter facebook google+
100개 (1/5페이지)
번호
제목
글쓴이
조회
날짜
관리자님
83
2017.07.18 12:02
관리자님
100
2017.06.21 11:10
관리자님
106
2017.06.20 14:29